Laparoscopic surgery (Keyhole) is a surgical technique that has revolutionised abdominal and pelvic surgery. This less invasive surgery as surgeons perform operation using key holes on the abdomen rather making large cuts.
Laparoscopic surgery has evolved over the years. This was first used to be for diagnostic purposes only. Operations using minimal invasive surgery technique with laparoscopy started in 1970s. Since then most of the abdominal and pelvic operation are performed using keyhole surgical technique.
A surgeon makes a tiny cut (5 – 10mm) on the patient’s abdomen and passes a camera in to the tummy. Further tiny cuts are made depending upon type of operation and working instruments are introduced in the abdomen. In experienced hands laparoscopic surgery can be used in many complex procedures as well, saving patients from morbidity of having large incisions.
Benefits of Laparoscopic Surgery
- Better cosmesis due to tiny scars
- Less pain as cuts are very small
- Reduced risk of infection
- Short stay in the hospital
- Quicker recovery – back to work